An apparatus, system, and method are disclosed for enhanced block-level deduplication. A computer program product stores one or more express block signatures in an express directory that meet a reference count requirement. The computer program product also stores one or more primary block signatures and one or more reference counts for the primary block signatures in a primary directory. Each primary block signature has a corresponding reference count. The computer program product determines whether a block signature for a data block matches one of the one or more express block signatures stored in the express directory.